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Immunogenetics. 2006 Apr;58(2-3):122-8. Epub 2006 Mar 10.

Restrictive and diversifying elements of the anti-myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody response in primate experimental allergic encephalomyelitis.

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Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zürich, 8091, Zürich, Switzerland.


Autoantibody responses against conformational epitopes of myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) possess myelin destructive potential, as demonstrated in the marmoset model of human multiple sclerosis (MS) and in some rodent models of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. We have previously characterized monoclonal Fab fragments specific for conformational epitopes of MOG that were derived from a combinatorial antibody library generated from a MOG-immune marmoset. In this paper, we address the molecular heterogeneity of humoral responses against MOG in this outbred model of MS by studying additional antibody clones derived from a genetically unrelated animal. We find that all MOG-specific IgGkappa Fab fragments, unrelated to genetic make-up, utilize a restricted set of variable region genes, IGHV1 and IGHV3 for the H chain and IGKV1, IGKV3, and IGKV5 for the L chain. Despite these restricting factors, diversity within these antibody repertoires can be observed, predominantly within the H-chain CDR3 regions. Our findings suggest that only a limited set of Ig genes is necessary to launch a diverse, destructive humoral immune response against a single CNS antigen in primates. These results are the first to contribute to a better understanding of how myelin-directed and potentially destructive autoantibody responses may develop in human MS.

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