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J Hum Genet. 2006;51(5):487-90. Epub 2006 Mar 10.

Hyperphosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis caused by a mutation in GALNT3 in a European kindred.

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Department of Dermatology, Laboratory of Molecular Dermatology, Rambam Medical Center, POB 9602, 31096, Haifa, Israel.


Hyperphosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis (HFTC) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by extensive phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity. HFTC was shown recently to result from mutations in two genes: GALNT3, coding for a glycosyltransferase responsible for initiating O-glycosylation, and FGF23, coding for a potent phosphaturic protein. All GALNT3 mutations reported so far have been identified in patients of either Middle Eastern or African-American extraction, corroborating numerous historical reports of the disorder in Africa and in the Middle East. In the present study, we describe a patient of Northern European origin displaying typical features of HFTC. Mutation analysis revealed that this patient carries a homozygous novel nonsense mutation in GALNT3 predicted to result in the synthesis of a significantly truncated protein. The present results expand the spectrum of known mutations in GALNT3 and demonstrate the existence of HFTC-causing mutations in this gene outside the Middle Eastern and African-American populations.

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