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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Apr 28;343(1):34-42. Epub 2006 Feb 28.

Calumenin, a multiple EF-hands Ca2+-binding protein, interacts with ryanodine receptor-1 in rabbit skeletal sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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Department of Life Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712, Republic of Korea.


Calumenin is a multiple EF-hand Ca2+-binding protein located in endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum of mammalian tissues. In the present study, we cloned two rabbit calumenin isoforms (rabbit calumenin-1 and -2, GenBank Accession Nos. SY225335 and AY225336, respectively) by RT-PCR. Both isoforms contain a 19 aa N-terminal signal sequence, 6 EF-hand domains, and a C-terminal ER/SR retrieval signal, HDEF. Both calumenin isoforms exist in rabbit cardiac and skeletal muscles, but calumenin-2 is the main isoform in skeletal muscle. Presence of calumenin in rabbit sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) was identified by Western blot analysis. GST-pull down and co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that ryanodine receptor 1 (RyR1) interacted with calumenin-2 in millimolar Ca2+ concentration range. Experiments of gradual EF-hand deletions suggest that the second EF-hand domain is essential for calumenin binding to RyR1. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of calumenin-2 in C2C12 myotubes led to increased caffeine-induced Ca2+ release, but decreased depolarization-induced Ca2+ release. Taken together, we propose that calumenin-2 in the SR lumen can directly regulate the RyR1 activity in Ca2+-dependent manner.

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