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Curr Urol Rep. 2006 Mar;7(2):120-4.

Learning curve in human laparoscopic surgery.

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  • 1Section of Laparoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue/A-100, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.


Laparoscopic urology has gained considerable popularity since the first laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed. However, the rapid application of the technique in urologic practice has led to increased reports of complications, even in the hands of surgeons who are well experienced in open surgical techniques, often early in a surgeon's laparoscopic experience. The lack of translation of open surgical skills into laparoscopic results has led us to reappraise the learning curves relevant to open and laparoscopic surgery, to understand the differences, and enable us to make changes in the curriculum and the training to acquire laparoscopic skills.

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