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Virchows Arch. 2006 May;448(5):584-90. Epub 2006 Mar 9.

Extracellular matrix alterations in conventional renal cell carcinomas by tissue microarray profiling influenced by the persistent, long-term, low-dose ionizing radiation exposure in humans.

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Department of Pathology, Institute of Urology, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, 9a, Yu. Kotzubinsky Street, 04053, Kiev, Ukraine.


The present study was carried out in order to examine molecular alterations of extracellular matrix (ECM), associated with cell-cell communication in conventional (clear-cell) renal cell carcinomas (cRCCs) influenced by persistent long-term, low-dose ionizing radiation (IR) exposure to patients living more than 19 years after the Chernobyl accident in Cesium 137 (137Cs)-contaminated areas of Ukraine. The ECM major components such as fibronectin, laminin, E-cadherin/beta-catenin complexes and p53 tumor suppressor gene protein, and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1) were immunohistochemically (IHC) evaluated in cRCCs from 59 Ukrainian patients, which represented 18 patients living in non-contaminated areas and 41 patients from 137Cs-contaminated areas. In contrast, a control group of 19 Spanish patients with analogue tumors were also investigated. For IHC evaluation, a tissue microarray technique was used. Decrease or loss and abnormal distribution of fibronectin, laminin, E-cadherin/beta-catenin complexes accompanied by elevated levels of p53 and TGF-beta1 were detected in the Ukrainian cRCCs from 137Cs-contaminated areas with statistically significant differences. Thus, our study suggests that chronic long-term, low-dose IR exposure might result in global remodeling of ECM components of the cRCCs with disruption in peri-epithelial stroma and epithelial basement membranes.

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