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Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2006 Nov;17(6):566-9. Epub 2006 Mar 7.

TVT vs Monarc: a comparative study.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Western Clinical School, Nepean Campus, University of Sydney, Nepean Hospital, Penrith NSW 2750, Sydney, Australia.


Following the success of the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), there has been considerable interest in technique modifications such as the transobturator approach for implant placement. We attempted to elucidate possible anatomical and clinical differences between the two methods in a retrospective cohort study. One hundred and fourteen women who had undergone TVT or Monarc implantation were assessed by or under the supervision of the senior author, with identical tensioning technique. They were followed up by an interview, uroflowmetry, and translabial 3D ultrasound. There were significant differences for patient satisfaction (P=0.013), subjective overall cure/improvement (P=0.0018), and the symptom of poor stream (P=0.03), all favoring the Monarc group. On imaging Monarc tapes appeared more proximal at rest (P=0.006) and Valsalva (P=0.002) and remained further from the symphysis pubis on Valsalva (P=0.01). At 9 months follow-up, there was no significant difference as regards to cure rates for stress incontinence between the two suburethral slings. Monarc tapes are located more proximally and may be less obstructive, judging from a lower incidence of symptoms of voiding dysfunction. Patient satisfaction and overall subjective cure/improvement were higher after Monarc. In summary, the Monarc is an effective TVT alternative, achieving cure of stress incontinence by similar means. It may be less obstructive, resulting in improved patient satisfaction.

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