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Int J Mol Med. 2006 Apr;17(4):661-8.

p38MAPK mediates IL-1-induced down-regulation of aggrecan gene expression in human chondrocytes.

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  • 1Abteilung Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, D-93053 Regensburg, Germany. juergen.radons@klinik.uni-regensburg.de

Abstract

The pleiotropic cytokine interleukin 1 (IL-1) is considered to be the principal inducer of mediators of cartilage degradation in both, osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). IL-1 activates numerous signaling pathways involved in cartilage destruction and dedifferentiation of chondrocytes. In this study, we analyzed expression and functional effects of IL-1 in human chondrocytes. We found an IL-1-induced reduction in the expression of the cartilage specific proteoglycan aggrecan as an indicator for the IL-1-mediated dedifferentiation of chondrocytes. To block the IL-1-induced signaling pathways specifically, we incubated human chondrocytes and cartilage explants with IL-1 in the presence of different signal transduction inhibitors and analyzed their effect on aggrecan mRNA expression and IL-6 secretion. IL-6 has been found to act synergistically in the IL-1-induced suppression of the proteoglycan synthesis in chondrocytes. Our results led to the identification of p38MAPK and/or PI3K/JNK as being crucial for IL-1-induced IL-6 secretion by chondrocytes. IL-1-induced down-regulation of aggrecan expression was found to be mediated by p38MAPK and/or ERK1/2. The identification and characterization of these signaling pathways will enable us to develop new modulation strategies for therapeutic use in inflammatory joint diseases.

PMID:
16525725
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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