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Am J Epidemiol. 2006 Jul 15;164(2):170-5. Epub 2006 Mar 8.

Socioeconomic status and childhood solid tumor and lymphoma incidence in Canada.

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Environment Division, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.


The authors examined the relation between neighborhood income, as a measure of socioeconomic status, and childhood cancer. Incident cases of childhood solid tumor and lymphoma in 1985-2001 were identified from provincial cancer registries in Canada. Residential postal codes at the time of diagnosis were used to assign cases to census neighborhoods. Person-years at risk were determined from quintiles of population by neighborhood income, sex, and 5-year age group, constructed using census population data. Poisson regression was used to calculate incidence rate ratios across neighborhood income quintiles. Compared with the incidence rate in the richest income quintile, moderately lower rate ratios of 0.73 (95% confidence interval: 0.63, 0.86) and 0.84 (95% confidence interval: 0.69, 1.04) were observed, respectively, for carcinomas and renal tumors in the poorest income quintile. No association was found for other types of cancer. Although a potential relation between socioeconomic status and childhood cancer cannot be excluded, the overall pattern seems compatible with random variation.

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