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Br J Pharmacol. 2006 May;148(1):16-24.

Molecular basis of ranolazine block of LQT-3 mutant sodium channels: evidence for site of action.

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Department of Pharmacology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA.


1 We studied the effects of ranolazine, an antianginal agent with promise as an antiarrhythmic drug, on wild-type (WT) and long QT syndrome variant 3 (LQT-3) mutant Na(+) channels expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells and knock-in mouse cardiomyocytes and used site-directed mutagenesis to probe the site of action of the drug. 2 We find preferential ranolazine block of sustained vs peak Na(+) channel current for LQT-3 mutant (DeltaKPQ and Y1795C) channels (IC(50)=15 vs 135 microM) with similar results obtained in HEK 293 cells and knock-in myocytes. 3 Ranolazine block of both peak and sustained Na(+) channel current is significantly reduced by mutation (F1760A) of a single residue previously shown to contribute critically to the binding site for local anesthetic (LA) molecules in the Na(+) channel. 4 Ranolazine significantly decreases action potential duration (APD) at 50 and 90% repolarization by 23+/-5 and 27+/-3%, respectively, in DeltaKPQ mouse ventricular myocytes but has little effect on APD of WT myocytes. 5 Computational modeling of human cardiac myocyte electrical activity that incorporates our voltage-clamp data predicts marked ranolazine-induced APD shortening in cells expressing LQT-3 mutant channels. 6 Our results demonstrate for the first time the utility of ranolazine as a blocker of sustained Na(+) channel activity induced by inherited mutations that cause human disease and further, that these effects are very likely due to interactions of ranolazine with the receptor site for LA molecules in the sodium channel.

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