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Br J Pharmacol. 2006 May;148(1):61-9.

Biological properties of a specific Galpha q/11 inhibitor, YM-254890, on platelet functions and thrombus formation under high-shear stress.

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Institute for Drug Discovery Research, Astellas Pharma Inc., Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8585, Japan.


1 The effects of YM-254890, a specific Galpha(q/11) inhibitor, on platelet functions, thrombus formation under high-shear rate condition and femoral artery thrombosis in cynomolgus monkeys were investigated. 2 YM-254890 concentration dependently inhibited ADP-induced intracellular Ca(2+) elevation, with an IC(50) value of 0.92+/-0.28 microM. 3 P-selectin expression induced by ADP or thrombin receptor agonist peptide (TRAP) was strongly inhibited by YM-254890, with IC(50) values of 0.51+/-0.02 and 0.16+/-0.08 microM, respectively. 4 YM-254890 had no effect on the binding of fibrinogen to purified GPIIb/IIIa, but strongly inhibited binding to TRAP-stimulated washed platelets. 5 YM-254890 completely inhibited platelet shape change induced by ADP, but not that induced by collagen, TRAP, arachidonic acid, U46619 or A23187. 6 YM-254890 attenuated ADP-, collagen-, TRAP-, arachidonic acid- and U46619-induced platelet aggregation with IC(50) values of <1 microM, whereas it had no effect on phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-, ristocetin-, thapsigargin- or A23187-induced platelet aggregation. 7 High-shear stress-induced platelet aggregation and platelet-rich thrombus formation on a collagen surface under high-shear flow conditions were concentration dependently inhibited by YM-254890. 8 The antithrombotic effect of YM-254890 was evaluated in a model of cyclic flow reductions in the femoral artery of cynomolgus monkeys. The intravenous bolus injection of YM-254890 dose dependently inhibited recurrent thrombosis without affecting systemic blood pressure or prolonging template bleeding time. 9 YM-254890 is a useful tool for investigating Galpha(q/11)-coupled receptor signaling and the physiological roles of Galpha(q/11).

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