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Hypertension. 2006 May;47(5):962-7. Epub 2006 Mar 6.

Serum uric acid is associated with microalbuminuria in prehypertension.

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1
Division of Nephrology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Serum uric acid is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the independent role of uric acid in the development of cardiovascular disease is uncertain. This study examined the cross-sectional association of serum uric acid level with microalbuminuria among 6771 subjects without diabetes or hypertension. Blood pressure was categorized as prehypertension (systolic blood pressure, 120 to 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure, 80 to 90 mm Hg) and normotension (systolic blood pressure, <120 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure, <80 mm Hg). Microalbuminuria was found in 4.0% of normotensive subjects (n=4819) and in 7.9% of prehypertensive subjects (n=1952). Prehypertensive subjects with microalbuminuria had higher uric acid level than those with normoalbuminuria (men, 387 [68] mmol/L versus 371 [69] mmol/L; P=0.017; women 286 [56] mmol/L versus 262 [54] mmol/L; P=0.006). However, the difference in serum uric acid level according to the presence or absence of microalbuminuria was not found in the normotensive group. Multiple logistic regression models showed that, in the prehypertensive group, after adjustment for other cardiovascular risk factors, the highest uric acid quartile entailed >2 times greater risk for microalbuminuria than the lowest quartile in both men (odds ratio, 2.12; 95% CI, 1.16 to 3.87) and women (odds ratio, 3.36; 95% CI, 1.17 to 9.69). In the normotensive group, serum uric acid quartile did not show the independent association with microalbuminuria. In conclusion, serum uric acid level was strongly associated with microalbuminuria in prehypertensive subjects.

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