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Pediatr Nephrol. 2006 May;21(5):705-10. Epub 2006 Mar 4.

Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes in children on maintenance dialysis.

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Department of Paediatric Nephrology, Wrocław Medical University, ul. M.Skłodowskiej-Curie 50/52, 50-369, Wrocław, Poland.


End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with numerous complications, which may partly result from excessive amounts of reactive oxygen species and/or decreased antioxidant activity. The aim of the study was to evaluate lipid peroxidation (LP) in plasma and erythrocytes, erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase, SOD; catalase, CAT; glutathione peroxidase, GSH-Px), and concentrations of Cu and Zn as cofactors of SOD and Se as a cofactor of GSH-Px in erythrocytes, plasma and in dialysis fluid in children with ESRD. In particular, we analyzed whether the modality of dialysis could modify oxidative stress parameters in children. To determine the influence of hemodialysis (HD) on oxidative stress, the measurements were also performed on HD children 20 min after the beginning of the dialysis session. Thirty-one patients participated in the study: group I with 10 children on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and group II with 21 on HD. The erythrocyte malondialdehyde concentrations (E-MDA), plasma MDA (P-MDA) and plasma organic hydroperoxide (OHP) in children from both groups were higher than in controls. E-MDA and P-MDA in HD before the session was lower compared to the values after 20 min of HD session (time T20). The activity of SOD, GSH-Px, CAT, concentrations of erythrocyte and plasma Se, Cu, Zn were lower in children with ESRD than in controls. In the HD group, the activity of GSH-Px, CAT, and levels of trace elements in erythrocytes and in plasma were diminished at time T20. In conclusion, increased oxidative stress occurs in children on maintenance dialysis, independent of dialysis modality. The activity of the enzymatic antioxidant defence system is highly reduced in red blood cells of pediatric dialysis patients. Children with ESRD exhibit lower trace element (Se, Cu, Zn) levels in plasma and erythrocytes as compared to healthy subjects. Oxidative stress is aggravated during every single HD session in children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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