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Neurochem Res. 2006 Feb;31(2):247-57. Epub 2006 Mar 2.

Immunohistochemical distribution and subcellular localization of the somatostatin receptor subtype 1 (sst1) in the rat hypothalamus.

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Department of Neurology & Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801, University Street, H3A 2B4 Montréal, Québec, Canada.


The aim of the present study was to examine the cellular and sub-cellular distribution of the somatostatin (SRIF) receptor subtype sst1 in the rat hypothalamus. Receptors were immunolabeled using an antibody directed against an antigenic sequence in the N-terminus of the receptor. Immunopositive neuronal cell bodies and dendrites were observed throughout the mediobasal hypothalamus, including the medial preoptic area, paraventricular, periventricular, and arcuate nuclei. Immunoreactive axons and axon terminals were also observed in the median eminence, suggesting that sst1 is also located pre-synaptically. Electron microscopic examination of the arcuate nucleus revealed a predominant association of immunoreactive sst1 with perikarya and dendrites. Most immunoreactive receptors were intracellular and localized to tubulovesicular compartments and organelles such as the Golgi apparatus, but 14% were associated with the plasma membrane. Of the latter, 47% were apposed to abbuting afferent axon terminals and 20% localized immediately adjacent to an active synaptic zone. These results demonstrate a widespread distribution of sst1 receptors in rat hypothalamus. They also show that somatodendritic sst1 receptors in the arcuate nucleus are ideally poised to mediate SRIF's modulation of afferent synaptic inputs, including central SRIF effects on growth hormone-releasing hormone neurons documented in this area.

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