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Am J Cardiol. 2006 Mar 15;97(6):768-71. Epub 2006 Jan 18.

Detection of myocardial scar by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in patients with troponin-positive chest pain and minimal angiographic coronary artery disease.

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1
Cardiovascular Division, North Shore Hospital, Waitemata Health, Auckland, New Zealand. jonathan.christiansen@waitematadhb.govt.nz

Abstract

Patients who present with chest pain and elevated serum troponin levels may have minimal angiographic coronary artery disease, leading to diagnostic confusion. We investigated patients with troponin-positive acute coronary syndromes and minimal coronary artery disease (CAD) using contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to assess for myocardial scar. Twenty-three patients (54 +/- 8 years of age) who presented with chest pain, high troponin I level, and minimal angiographic CAD were included. Patients with a clinical pericarditis/myocarditis, tachyarrhythmia at presentation, previous myocardial infarction, or an alternative explanation for increased troponin I level were excluded. Myocardial scar was assessed with delayed-enhancement inversion-recovery imaging after administration of gadolinium. Hyperenhancement consistent with myocardial scar was seen in 7 of 23 patients (30%) and was located primarily in the right coronary artery distribution. Peak troponin level, clinical characteristics, and volumetric parameters were similar in patients with or without hyperenhancement. One patient had mid-myocardial enhancement that suggested undiagnosed myocarditis. There was a linear relation between the mass of myocardial scar and peak serum troponin level. In follow-up, subsequent cardiac events were more frequent in patients with hyperenhancement (43% vs 12.5%). In conclusion, patients with troponin-positive acute coronary syndromes may have significant myocardial scar even when minimal CAD is found on angiography.

PMID:
16516572
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.10.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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