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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Apr 21;342(4):1197-202. Epub 2006 Feb 24.

AMPK activation inhibits the expression of HIF-1alpha induced by insulin and IGF-1.

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Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U145, Nice, France.


Insulin, insulin like growth factor (IGF)-1, and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling regulate independently angiogenesis through vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. In the present study, we investigated a potential cross-talk between these signaling pathways on hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and VEGF expression. Retinal epithelial ARPE-19 cells were treated with AICAR, an AMPK activator, alone or in combination with insulin and IGF-1. AICAR stimulated VEGF mRNA expression, but did not modify the insulin- and IGF-1-induced VEGF expression. We have investigated the effect of AICAR on insulin and IGF-1 signaling pathways. We observed that AICAR increased insulin- and IGF-1-induced phosphorylation of PKB, whereas phosphorylation of S6K-1 was decreased. Moreover, AICAR and metformin inhibited the ability of insulin and IGF-1 to induce HIF-1alpha expression. These results show that AICAR and insulin/IGF-1 regulate VEGF expression through different mechanisms.

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