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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Aug 15;88(16):7381-5.

Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase is a peroxisomal enzyme in human fibroblasts and hepatoma cells.

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Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080.


The intracellular localization of Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (superoxide:superoxide oxidoreductase, EC has been examined by immunofluorescence using four monoclonal anti-Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase antibodies raised against a recombinant human Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase derivative produced and purified from Escherichia coli. Colocalization with catalase, a peroxisomal matrix enzyme, was used to demonstrate the peroxisomal localization of Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase in human fibroblasts and hepatoma cells. In the fibroblasts of Zellweger syndrome patients, the enzyme is not transported to the peroxisomal ghosts but, like catalase, remains in the cytoplasm. In addition, immunocryoelectron microscopy of yeast cells expressing human Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase showed that the enzyme is translocated to the peroxisomes.

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