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Cell Death Differ. 2006 Nov;13(11):1900-14. Epub 2006 Mar 3.

Colony-stimulating factor-1 requires PI3-kinase-mediated metabolism for proliferation and survival in myeloid cells.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1150W. Medical Center Dr., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.


Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) is essential for macrophage growth, differentiation and survival. Myeloid cells expressing a CSF-1 receptor mutant (DeltaKI) show markedly impaired CSF-1-mediated proliferation and survival, accompanied by absent signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (Stat3) phosphorylation and reduced PI3-kinase/Akt activity. Restoring phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) but not Stat3 signals reverses the mitogenic defect. CSF-1-induced proliferation and survival are sensitive to glycolytic inhibitors, 2-deoxyglucose and 3-bromopyruvate. Consistent with a critical role for PI3-kinase-regulated glycolysis, DeltaKI cells reconstituted with active PI3-kinase or Akt are hypersensitive to these inhibitors. CSF-1 upregulates hexokinase II (HKII) expression through PI3-kinase, and PI3-kinase transcriptionally activates the HKII promoter. Moreover, HKII overexpression partially restores mitogenicity. In contrast, Bcl-x(L) expression does not enhance long-term proliferation, although short-term cell death is suppressed in a glycolysis-independent manner. This study identifies robust PI3-kinase activation as essential for optimal CSF-1-mediated mitogenesis in myeloid cells, in part through regulation of HKII and support of glycolysis.

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