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Biotechnol Bioeng. 2006 Jun 20;94(3):585-95.

Effect of rpoS gene knockout on the metabolism of Escherichia coli during exponential growth phase and early stationary phase based on gene expressions, enzyme activities and intracellular metabolite concentrations.

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Department of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Iizuka, Fukuoka 820-8502, Japan.


The RNA polymerase sigma factor, encoded by rpoS gene, controls the expression of a large number of genes in Escherichia coli under stress conditions. The present study investigated the growth characteristics and metabolic pathways of rpoS gene knockout mutant of E. coli growing in LB media under aerobic condition. The analyses were made based on gene expressions obtained by DNA microarray and RT-PCR, enzyme activities and intracellular metabolite concentrations at the exponential and early stationary phases of growth. Although the glucose utilization pattern of the mutant was similar to the parent strain, the mutant failed to utilize acetate throughout the cultivation period. Microarray data indicated that the expression levels of several important genes of acetate metabolism such as acs, aceAB, cysDEK, fadR, etc. were significantly altered in the absence of rpoS gene. Interestingly, there was an increased activity of TCA cycle during the exponential growth phase, which was gradually diminished at the onset of stationary phase. Moreover, rpoS mutation had profound effect on the expression of several other genes of E. coli metabolic pathways that were not described earlier. The changes in the gene expressions, enzyme activities and intracellular metabolite concentrations of the rpoS mutant are discussed in details with reference to the major metabolic pathways of E. coli.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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