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EMBO J. 2006 Mar 22;25(6):1242-52. Epub 2006 Mar 2.

Metalloproteinase/Presenilin1 processing of ephrinB regulates EphB-induced Src phosphorylation and signaling.

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Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NYU, New York, NY 10029, USA.


Bidirectional signaling triggered by interacting ephrinB receptors (EphB) and ephrinB ligands is crucial for development and function of the vascular and nervous systems. A signaling cascade triggered by this interaction involves activation of Src kinase and phosphorylation of ephrinB. The mechanism, however, by which EphB activates Src in the ephrinB-expressing cells is unknown. Here we show that EphB stimulates a metalloproteinase cleavage of ephrinB2, producing a carboxy-terminal fragment that is further processed by PS1/gamma-secretase to produce intracellular peptide ephrinB2/CTF2. This peptide binds Src and inhibits its association with inhibitory kinase Csk, allowing autophosphorylation of Src at residue tyr418. EphrinB2/CTF2-activated Src phosphorylates ephrinB2 and inhibits its processing by gamma-secretase. These data show that the PS1/gamma-secretase system controls Src activation and ephrinB phosphorylation by regulating production of Src activator ephrinB2/CTF2. Accordingly, gamma-secretase inhibitors prevented the EphB-induced sprouting of endothelial cells and the recruitment of Grb4 to ephrinB. PS1 FAD and gamma-secretase dominant-negative mutants inhibited the EphB-induced cleavage of ephrinB2 and Src autophosphorylation, raising the possibility that FAD mutants interfere with the functions of Src and ephrinB2 in the CNS.

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