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Cancer Res. 2006 Mar 1;66(5):2765-77.

Pharmacogenomic identification of novel determinants of response to chemotherapy in colon cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Oncology, Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Abstract

DNA microarray analysis was used to analyze the transcriptional profile of HCT116 colorectal cancer cells that were treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or oxaliplatin and selected for resistance to these agents. Bioinformatic analyses identified sets of genes that were constitutively dysregulated in drug-resistant cells and transiently altered following acute exposure of parental cells to drug. We propose that these genes may represent molecular signatures of sensitivity to 5-FU and oxaliplatin. Using real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), the robustness of our microarray data was shown with a strong overall concordance of expression trends for > or =82% (oxaliplatin) and > or =85% (5-FU) of a representative subset of genes. Furthermore, strong correlations between the microarray and real-time RT-PCR measurements of average fold changes in gene expression were observed for both the 5-FU (R(2) > or = 0.73) and oxaliplatin gene sets (R(2) > or = 0.63). Functional analysis of three genes identified in the microarray study [prostate-derived factor (PDF), calretinin, and spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyl transferase (SSAT)] revealed their importance as novel regulators of cytotoxic drug response. These data show the power of this novel microarray-based approach to identify genes which may be important markers of response to treatment and/or targets for therapeutic intervention.

PMID:
16510598
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-05-2693
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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