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Cell Tissue Res. 2006 Jun;324(3):385-94. Epub 2006 Mar 1.

Involvement of the tyrosine phosphatase early gene of liver regeneration (PRL-1) in cell cycle and in liver regeneration and fibrosis effect of halofuginone.

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1
Institute of Animal sciences , Volcani Center , P.O. Box 6 , 50250 Bet Dagan , Israel.

Abstract

Tyrosine phosphatase PRL-1 is one of the immediate-early genes up-regulated during liver regeneration and is apparently involved in cell proliferation. Previously, we have demonstrated that halofuginone, an inhibitor of collagen type I synthesis, prevents liver fibrosis and improves cirrhotic liver regeneration. In this study, we evaluated the effect of halofuginone on PRL-1 expression, its cellular localization in vitro and during liver regeneration, and fibrosis progression in vivo. In culture, halofuginone increased PRL-1 expression in primary rat hepatocytes and in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines, the former being more sensitive to halofuginone. The halofuginone-dependent increase in PRL-1 gene expression was correlated with an increase in the transcription factor early growth response-1 (Egr-1) and inversely correlated with the inhibition of cell proliferation. Halofuginone arrested HepG2 and Huh7 cell lines at the G1 phase, whereas Hep3B cells were arrested at G2/M, probably because of a reduction in the synthesis of cyclins D1 and B1 in all HCC cells and increased cyclin A in Hep3B cells. Halofuginone also affected the PRL-1 sub-cellular localization that was cell-cycle-dependent. In addition, halofuginone augmented PRL-1 expression in the remnant liver after partial hepatectomy and in chemically induced fibrosis in rats; this was accompanied by increased expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1), another immediate-early gene of regeneration. The regulation of the expression of the early genes of regeneration such as PRL-1 and IGFBP-1 is thus part of the mode of action of halofuginone and results in the prevention of liver fibrosis and improved cirrhotic liver regeneration.

PMID:
16508789
DOI:
10.1007/s00441-005-0092-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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