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J Mol Model. 2006 Sep;12(6):813-22. Epub 2006 Mar 1.

Modeling the pore structure of voltage-gated sodium channels in closed, open, and fast-inactivated conformation reveals details of site 1 toxin and local anesthetic binding.

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SBC Lab AG, Seeb├╝elstrasse 26, 8185, Winkel, Switzerland.


In this work molecular modeling was applied to generate homology models of the pore region of the Na(v)1.2 and Na(v)1.8 isoforms of human voltage-gated sodium channels. The models represent the channels in the resting, open, and fast-inactivated states. The transmembrane portions of the channels were based on the equivalent domains of the closed and open conformation potassium channels KcsA and MthK, respectively. The critical selectivity loops were modeled using a structural template identified by a novel 3D-search technique and subsequently merged with the transmembrane portions. The resulting draft models were used to study the differences of tetrodotoxin binding to the tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na(v)1.2 (EC50: 0.012 microM) and -insensitive Na(v)1.8 (EC50: 60 microM) isoforms, respectively. Furthermore, we investigated binding of the local anesthetic tetracaine to Na(v)1.8 (EC50: 12.5 microM) in resting, conducting, and fast-inactivated state. In accordance with experimental mutagenesis studies, computational docking of tetrodotoxin and tetracaine provided (1) a description of site 1 toxin and local anesthetic binding sites in voltage-gated sodium channels. (2) A rationale for site 1 toxin-sensitivity versus -insensitivity in atomic detail involving interactions of the Na(v)1.2 residues F385-I and W943-II. (3) A working hypothesis of interactions between Na(v)1.8 in different conformational states and the local anesthetic tetracaine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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