Send to

Choose Destination
Biol Pharm Bull. 2006 Mar;29(3):503-7.

Microbial contamination of nebulization solution and its measures.

Author information

Department of Pharmacy, Yamaguchi University Hospital, Kogushi, Ube, Japan.


We evaluated the microbial contamination of nebulization solutions in medication cups from a total of 76 ultrasonic nebulizers in use in 10 hospitals. In addition, an interview survey was given to nurses to evaluate the disinfection methods of these ultrasonic nebulizers. Of a total of 76 nebulization solution samples, 11 (14.5%) were contaminated with 10-10(2) colony-forming units (CFU)/ml and 9 (11.8%) with 10(3)-10(5) CFU/ml. The major contaminants were glucose non-fermentative bacilli such as Burkholderia cepacia, CDC gr.IV C-2, and Sphingomonas paucimobilis. Comparison of microbial contamination between the frequencies of disinfection showed a significantly lower number of contaminated samples when the cups were disinfected once daily than when disinfected once at intervals of 2-7 d (p=0.00037). In addition, comparison between the presence and absence of preservatives contained in the nebulization solution showed a significantly lower number of contaminated samples in the presence, rather than in the absence, of preservatives (p=0.00001). These results show that disinfection of ultrasonic nebulizers at 24-h intervals is desirable. In particular, when nebulization solutions not containing preservatives are used, disinfection at 24-h intervals is indispensable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for J-STAGE, Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic
Loading ...
Support Center