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Mol Cell Biol. 2006 Mar;26(6):2441-55.

The p110 isoform of the CDP/Cux transcription factor accelerates entry into S phase.

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  • 1McGill University Health Center, Molecular Oncology Group, 687 Pine Avenue West, room H5.21, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A1, Canada.


The CDP/Cux transcription factor was previously found to acquire distinct DNA binding and transcriptional properties following a proteolytic processing event that takes place at the G1/S transition of the cell cycle. In the present study, we have investigated the role of the CDP/Cux processed isoform, p110, in cell cycle progression. Populations of cells stably expressing p110 CDP/Cux displayed a faster division rate and reached higher saturation density than control cells carrying the empty vector. p110 CDP/Cux cells reached the next S phase faster than control cells under various experimental conditions: following cell synchronization in G0 by growth factor deprivation, synchronization in S phase by double thymidine block treatment, or enrichment in G2 by centrifugal elutriation. In each case, duration of the G1 phase was shortened by 2 to 4 h. Gene inactivation confirmed the role of CDP/Cux as an accelerator of cell cycle progression, since mouse embryo fibroblasts obtained from Cutl1z/z mutant mice displayed a longer G1 phase and proliferated more slowly than their wild-type counterparts. The delay to enter S phase persisted following immortalization by the 3T3 protocol and transformation with H-RasV12. Moreover, CDP/Cux inactivation hindered both the formation of foci on a monolayer and tumor growth in mice. At the molecular level, expression of both cyclin E2 and A2 was increased in the presence of p110 CDP/Cux and decreased in its absence. Overall, these results establish that p110 CDP/Cux functions as a cell cycle regulator that accelerates entry into S phase.

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