Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Mar 8;54(5):1564-70.

A rapid confirmatory method for analyzing tetracycline antibiotics in bovine, swine, and poultry muscle tissues: matrix solid-phase dispersion with heated water as extractant followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Author information

Dipartimento di Chimica, Università La Sapienza, Piazza Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italy.


A rapid, specific, and sensitive procedure for determining four widely used tetracycline antibiotics and three related epimers in bovine, swine, and poultry muscle tissues is presented. The method is based on the matrix solid-phase dispersion technique with heated water as the extractant followed by liquid chromatography (LC)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS) equipped with an electrospray ion source. Target compounds were extracted from tissues with 5 mL of water heated at 70 degrees C. After acidification and filtration, 100 microL of the aqueous extract was injected in the LC column. MS data acquisition was performed in the multireaction monitoring mode, selecting two precursor ion to product ion transitions for each target compound. Heated water appeared to be an excellent extractant, since the absolute recovery data ranged between 70 and 78%. The accuracy of the method was determined at three spike levels, using minocycline as a surrogate analyte, in any different kind of muscle tissues considered and varied between 88 and 109% with relative standard deviations ranging between 3 and 11%. Limits of quantification were estimated to range between 1 (chlortetracycline) and 9 ng/g (4-epioxytetracycline), based on a signal-to-noise ratio of 10, and are well below the tolerance levels set by the European Union. The effects of the extraction temperature, volume of the extractant, and washing of the material supporting the biological matrix with ethylenediamine tetraacetic disodium salt on the analyte recovery were studied.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society
    Loading ...
    Support Center