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J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2006 Jul;192(7):769-75. Epub 2006 Feb 28.

Impaired daily glucocorticoid rhythm in Per1 ( Brd ) mice.

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Institute of Zoology, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany.


Biological clocks have evolved in all kinds of organisms in order to anticipate and adjust to the daily light-dark cycle. Within the last decade, the molecular machinery underlying the circadian system was unraveled. In the present study, the impact of the loss of the Per1 or Per2 genes, key components of the core clock oscillator, on body mass, food and water intake, glucose metabolism, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, was investigated in the Per1 ( Brd ) and Per2 ( Brd ) mouse models. The results reveal that the lack of Per1 but not Per2 has severe consequences for the regulation of these parameters. Specifically, in Per1 ( Brd ) animals, we found an impaired daily glucocorticoid rhythm, with markedly elevated levels during the day compared to control animals. In addition, Per1 ( Brd ) mice showed significant differences in body mass as well as food and water intake. Although the Per1 ( Brd ) are lighter than wildtype mice, food and water intake per gram body mass is elevated. In addition, the Per1 ( Brd ) mice exhibit an increased glucose metabolism after i.p. injection with glucose. In conclusion, our study presents first evidence for a link between an altered metabolism in Per1 and Per2 deficient mice, which in the case of the Per1 ( Brd ) animals might be due to an impaired corticosterone rhythm.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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