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Int Immunopharmacol. 2006 Apr;6(4):616-26. Epub 2005 Oct 25.

Nitric oxide inhibits T cell adhesion and migration by down-regulation of beta1-integrin expression in immunologically liver-injured mice.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, China.


Our previous study has reported that nitric oxide (NO) exerts a protective role in immunologically liver-injured mice induced by delayed-type hypersensitivity to picryl chloride. To explore the mechanism of the protection, we have now examined the effect of NO on T cell adhesion and migration. First, we isolated hepatocytes and nonparenchymal cells from the liver-injured mice and separated the nonparenchymal cells into Kupffer cell-enriched and lymphocyte-enriched populations. When these hepatocytes or the fractions of nonparenchymal cells were co-cultured with spleen T cells of the liver-injured mice in a Transwell system, the adhesive potential of the T cells was significantly inhibited in the presence of hepatocytes or the Kupffer cell-enriched population but not the lymphocyte-enriched population of nonparenchymal cells. This effect was dependent on NO production. The NO synthase inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) could reverse this inhibition of cell adhesion and also decrease NO production. To confirm this effect of NO on T cells, we further examined the role of exogenous or endogenous NO on the adhesive activity of the Jurkat T cell line. As a result, the NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetyl penicillamine (SNAP) caused a dose-dependent inhibition of the adhesion of Jurkat T cells. Furthermore, the binding ability of Jurkat T cells to collagen decreased gradually after co-incubation with macrophages stimulated by LPS+IFN-gamma, an effect which correlated well with the increasing NO level in the medium. Such opposite changes in cell adhesion and in NO production were also markedly reversed by L-NMMA. Moreover, treatment with SNAP reduced adhesion, transmigration, matrix metalloproteinase-9 production and beta1-integrin expression of spleen T cells of the liver-injured mice. Taken together, these findings suggest that NO can function as a down-regulator of T cell mobility, which might be one of the mechanisms by which NO exerts its protective effect in T cell-mediated liver injury.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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