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Transplant Proc. 2006 Jan-Feb;38(1):331-3.

Bacteriophages and transplantation tolerance.

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1
Transplantation Institute, Warsaw Medical University, 02-006 Warsaw, Poland.

Abstract

Our recent findings suggest that bacteriophages (phages) may not only eliminate bacteria, but also modulate immune functions. In this communication, we demonstrate that phages may strongly inhibit human T-cell activation and proliferation as well as activation of the nuclear transcription factor NF-kappaB in response to a viral pathogen. Phage administration in vivo can diminish cellular infiltration of allogeneic skin allografts. Thus, phage treatment should be considered in antibiotic-resistant posttransplantation infections. Furthermore, phages could find a broader application in clinical transplantation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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