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Expert Opin Emerg Drugs. 2006 Mar;11(1):91-8.

Emerging pharmacological strategies in the fight against cocaine addiction.

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Department of Psychiatry, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, Yale University, School of Medicine, West Haven, CT 06516, USA.


Cocaine addiction continues to be an important public health problem worldwide. At present, there are no proven pharmacotherapies for cocaine addiction. The studies reviewed here revealed a number of emerging targets for cocaine pharmacotherapy. First, disulfiram, a medication with dopaminergic effects, reduced cocaine use in a number of clinical trials. Second, GABA medications, tiagabine and topiramate, were found promising in clinical trials. Third, a beta-adrenergic blocker, propranolol, may be effective especially among cocaine-addicted individuals with high withdrawal severity. Fourth, treatment with a stimulant medication, modafinil, has reduced cocaine use. Last, a cocaine vaccine that slows entry of cocaine into the brain holds promise. These promising findings need to be further tested in controlled clinical trials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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