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J Dairy Sci. 1991 Apr;74(4):1361-9.

Influence of forage type, ratio of forage to concentrate, and methionine hydroxy analog on performance of dairy cows.

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Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108.


In a 2-yr study, 44 primiparous and 77 multiparous cows were assigned to one of 12 dietary treatments (2 X 3 X 2 factorial). Treatments were two forages (alfalfa or smooth bromegrass), three percentages of grain (40, 50 or 60% of diet DM), and two percentages of methionine hydroxy analog (0 or .15% of diet DM). Feeds were offered as total mixed diets. Data collection began 4 d postpartum and continued through 116 d postpartum. Dry matter intake was not affected by percentage of concentrate or forage source even though NDF of the diets ranged from 25.6 to 48.8% and ADF ranged from 15.7 to 36.8%. Cows fed bromegrass hay produced 1.5 kg/d more FCM and 1.2 kg/d more SCM than those fed alfalfa hay. Concentrate percentage in the diet increased milk yield (28.9, 30.4 and 31.3 kg/d at 40, 50 and 60%, respectively). Methionine hydroxy analog increased milk fat percentage and yield for cows fed diets of 50 and 60% concentrate with alfalfa hay but not for those fed diets of 50 and 60% concentrate with bromegrass hay. Effect of methionine hydroxy analog was not significant for milk fat or yield when diets of 40% concentrate were fed.

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