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Inflammation. 2005 Feb;29(1):1-7.

An interaction between genetic factors and gender determines the magnitude of the inflammatory response in the mouse air pouch model of acute inflammation.

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  • 1New York University Medical Center, New York, New York 10016, USA.


The widely used mouse air pouch model of acute inflammation is inducible in a variety of inbred strains, but the potential influence of genetic background and gender on inflammation severity has never been examined. We directly compared the degree of inflammation induced in the air pouch model across four commonly utilized inbred strains in both male and female mice. We then applied an in silico mapping method to identify loci potentially associated with determining inflammation severity for each gender. Air pouches were induced by subcutaneous injection 3 (3 cc) and 5 (1.5 cc) days prior to the experiment. 4h after carrageenan injection, exudates were retrieved and leukocyte concentration quantified using a hemocytometer. The in silico mapping method was applied as described below. The strain order for mean leukocyte count/mL in inflamed exudates differed between genders. In males, the order was C57BL/6J > BALB/cByJ > DBA/2J > DBA/1J, while in females the order was BALB/cByJ > DBA/2J > C57BL/6J > DBA/1J. The difference in inflammation severity between genders reached significance only in C57BL/6J mice. Independent in silico analysis based on phenotypic data from male versus female mice identified distinct sets of loci as potentially associated with the exudate count reached. We conclude that the degree of inflammation induced in the mouse air pouch model of inflammation is strain-specific and, therefore, genetically based, and the pattern of interstrain differences is altered in male relative to female mice. The loci identified by in silico mapping likely contain genes with differential roles in determining this phenotype between genders.

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