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Antiviral Res. 1991 Feb;15(2):87-100.

Synergistic topical therapy by acyclovir and A1110U for herpes simplex virus induced zosteriform rash in mice.

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Division of Virology, Burroughs Wellcome Co., Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.


Combination therapy with A1110U, an inactivator of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) and the varicella zoster virus ribonucleotide reductase, and acyclovir (ACV) was evaluated for treatment of cutaneous herpetic disease in athymic mice infected on the dorsum. In this model, infection with HSV produces a 'zosteriform-like' rash that is first visible on day 3 or 4 post-infection (p.i.) and eventually extends from the anterior mid-line to the dorsal mid-line of the affected flank. In untreated mice, the infection is fatal at about day 7 p.i. presumably due to central nervous system involvement. Topical treatment of infections induced by either wild-type (wt) HSV-1 or wt HSV-2 with 3% A1110U in combination with 5% ACV resulted in synergistic (P less than 0.01) reductions in lesion scores. Therapy was also synergistic in mice infected with an ACV-resistant thymidine kinase-deficient mutant and an ACV-resistant TK-altered mutant HSV-1 isolated. Combination therapy was very effective in reducing lesion scores of mice infected with an ACV-resistant HSV-1 DNA polymerase mutant, but did not result in statistically significant synergy (P = 0.07) because of the enhanced efficacy of A1110U alone against this virus. These results provide encouragement that the combination of A1110U and ACV may offer an effective therapy for topical treatment of cutaneous HSV infections in humans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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