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Tissue Eng. 2006 Jan;12(1):63-73.

Optical coherence elastography of engineered and developing tissue.

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1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA.

Abstract

Biomechanical elastic properties are among the many variables used to characterize in vivo and in vitro tissues. Since these properties depend largely on the micro- and macroscopic structural organization tissue, it is crucial to understand the mechanical properties and the alterations that occur tissues respond to external forces or to disease processes. Using a novel technique called coherence elastography (OCE), we mapped the spatially distributed mechanical displacements strains in a representative model of a developing, engineered tissue as cells began to proliferate attach within a three-dimensional collagen matrix. OCE was also performed in the complex tissue of the Xenopus laevis (African frog) tadpole. Displacements were quantified a cross-correlation algorithm on pre- and postcompression images, which were acquired using coherence tomography (OCT). The images of the engineered tissue were acquired over a 10-development period to observe the relative strain differences in various regions. OCE was able differentiate changes in strain over time, which corresponded with cell proliferation and matrix as confirmed with histological observations. By anatomically mapping the regional variation stiffness with micron resolution, it may be possible to provide new insight into the complex by which engineered and natural tissues develop complex structures.

PMID:
16499443
DOI:
10.1089/ten.2006.12.63
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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