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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2006 Jul;70(7):1225-30. Epub 2006 Feb 23.

Effect of rapid maxillary expansion on the dimension of the nasal cavity and on nasal air resistance.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Atresia of the maxilla is a transverse skeletal dysplasia, possibly associated with respiratory problems. For its correction, rapid maxillary expansion is a feasible orthodontic process.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of rapid maxillary expansion on the nasal cavity by acoustic rhinometry and computed rhinomanometry.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Twenty-nine children of both sexes with oral and/or mixed breathing, ranging in age from 7 to 10 years and with mixed dentition were selected. The children had uni- or bilateral posterior crossbite involving deciduous canines and the first permanent molars and were not being submitted to any otorhinolaryngologic or orthodontic treatment. All subjects were submitted to rhinologic exams and orthodontic documentation at three different times, i.e., before expansion and immediately and 90 days after expansion.

RESULTS:

There was no difference in the minimal cross-sectional area at the level of the valve and inferior nasal turbinate between the periods analyzed, but there was a statistically significant reduction in nasal resistance after expansion.

CONCLUSION:

On the basis of the present results, we may conclude that rapid maxillary expansion may lessen the nasal resistance. Although there was no difference in nasal geometry. Thus, this procedure may improve nasal respiration, but cannot be indicated for this purpose by itself.

PMID:
16497390
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijporl.2005.12.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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