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J Surg Oncol. 2006 Mar 15;93(4):294-303.

Prognostic factors of myxofibrosarcomas: implications of margin status, tumor necrosis, and mitotic rate on survival.

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Department of Pathology, Chi-Mei Foundation Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan.



Myxofibrosarcomas (MFS) are characterized by tumor progression with increased metastases after local recurrences (LR). Few series had appropriately addressed what parameters independently affect prognosis.


Seventy primary localized MFS were analyzed for local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), metastasis-free survival (MeFS), and disease-specific survival (DSS). Follow-up was obtained in 61 cases.


Thirty-eight males and 32 females had primary tumors ranging from 1.5 to 24 cm. Thirty and 40 tumors were superficial and deep, respectively, with 26 cases (38%) having positive margins. The 5-year LRFS-, MeFS-, and DSS-rates were 30%, 60%, and 73%. Positive margins (P = 0.0003) were the only inferior LRFS predictor. High grade (FNCLCC 2 and 3) was a negative factor of both MeFS (P = 0.0078) and DSS (P = 0.0174), and high stage (AJCC stage 3) was predictive of MeFS (P = 0.0470). However, both grading and staging were not prognostically independent. In multivariate analyses, mitoses >or=20/10 HPF (P = 0.0009, RR = 9.71) and positive margins (P = 0.0203, RR = 4.27) were independent adverse DSS predictor. However, tumor necrosis >or=10% (P = 0.0092, RR = 3.91) independently correlated with worse MeFS, together with mitoses >or=20/10 HPF (P = 0.0176, RR = 3.80) and positive margins (P = 0.0121, RR = 3.41).


Margin status and histologic property both affect the prognosis of MFS. The former correlates with improved LRFS and translates into final survival benefits.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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