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Biochemistry. 1991 Jul 23;30(29):7118-26.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme: zinc- and inhibitor-binding stoichiometries of the somatic and testis isozymes.

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Center for Biochemical and Biophysical Sciences and Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


The blood pressure regulating somatic isozyme of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) consists of two homologous, tandem domains each containing a putative metal-binding motif (HEXXH), while the testis isozyme consists of just a single domain that is identical with the C-terminal half of somatic ACE. Previous metal analyses of somatic ACE have indicated a zinc stoichiometry of 1 mol of Zn2+/mol of ACE and inhibitor-binding studies have found 1 mol of inhibitor bound/mol of enzyme. These and other data have indicated that only one of the two domains of somatic ACE is catalytically active. We have repeated the metal and inhibitor-binding analyses of ACE from various sources and have determined protein concentration by quantitative amino acid analysis on the basis of accurate polypeptide molecular weights that are now available. We find that the somatic isozyme in fact contains 2 mol of Zn2+ and binds 2 mol of lisinopril (an ACE inhibitor) per mol of enzyme, whereas the testis isozyme contains 1 mol of Zn2+ and binds 1 mol of lisinopril. In the case of somatic ACE, the second equivalent of inhibitor binds to a second zinc-containing site as evidenced by the ability of a moderate excess of inhibitor to protect both zinc ions against dissociation. However, active site titration with lisinopril assayed by hydrolysis of furanacryloyl-Phe-Gly-Gly revealed that 1 mol of inhibitor/mol of enzyme abolished the activity of either isozyme, indicating that the principal angiotensin-converting site likely resides in the C-terminal (testicular) domain of somatic ACE and that binding of inhibitor to this site is stronger than to the second site.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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