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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006 Feb;70(2):387-94.

Enzymatic hydrolysis of green tea seed extract and its activity on 5alpha-reductase inhibition.

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Skin Research Institute, AMOREPACIFIC R&D Center, Korea.


Two kaempferol glycosides were isolated from green tea seed extract (GTSE). After conducting a structure analysis, these two compounds were identified as kaempferol-3-O-[2-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-6-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (compound 1) and kaempferol-3-O-[2-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-6-O-alpha-L-rhanmopyranosyl]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (compound 2). These two compounds were hydrolysed by o-glycolytic enzymes for the production of kaempferol. After performing several reactions, we found the optimum enzyme combination, a reaction with beta-galactosidase and hesperidinase. Finally, we produced kaempferol of above 95% purity. The 5alpha-reductase inhibition activities of GTSE hydrolysate (GTSE-H) containing kaempferol were evaluated by the contact cell-based metabolic method using a stable HEK 293 cell line. GTSE-H showed a good inhibition effect on HEK 293 cell lines both type 1 and type 2 on 5alpha-reductase. Especially, GTSE-H inhibited type 2 with kaempferol content dependency. The results indicate that the inhibition activity of hydrolysate on 5alpha-reductase type 2 increases in accordance with kaempferol content.

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