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Int J Clin Pract. 2006 Mar;60(3):258-64.

Patterns of use of antithrombotic therapy and quality of anticoagulation among patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation in clinical practice.

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Boston Health Economics, Waltham, MA 02451, USA.


We conducted a retrospective cohort study of thromboprophylaxis rates and the quality of anticoagulation control among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) using a large, geographically diverse database of electronic medical records. The study population consisted of 13,709 AF patients treated in US outpatient physician practices. Approximately two-thirds were prescribed warfarin alone or in combination with another drug. Older patients, males, and those with congestive heart failure (CHF) or prior stroke were more likely to receive antithrombotic therapy. Among 6454 patients treated with warfarin who had at least two valid prothrombin time/international normalised ratio test results, approximately half of study days were spent in target range. Female sex, CHF and residence in the Northeast were associated with more time out of range. Our study confirms that, in routine medical practice, warfarin is not prescribed for substantial numbers of eligible patients, and anticoagulation control with warfarin is suboptimal for many of those at risk for thromboembolism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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