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J Phys Chem B. 2006 Mar 2;110(8):3808-15.

Dissolution nature of cesium fluoride by water molecules.

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National Creative Research Initiative Center for Superfunctional Materials, Department of Chemistry, Division of Molecular and Life Sciences, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyojadong, Namgu, Pohang 790-784, South Korea.


The structures, stabilities, thermodynamic quantities, dissociation energies, infrared spectra, and electronic properties of CsF hydrated by water molecules are investigated by using density functional theory, Møller-Plesset second-order perturbation theory (MP2), coupled cluster theory with singles, doubles, and perturbative triples excitations (CCSD(T)), and ab initio molecular dynamic (AIMD) simulations. It is revealed that at 0 K three water molecules (as a global minimum structure) begin to half-dissociate the Cs-F, and six water molecules (though not a global minimum energy structure) can dissociate it. By the combination of the accurate CCSD(T) conformational energies for Cs(H2O)6 at 0 K with the AIMD thermal energy contribution, it reveals that the half-dissociated structure is the most stable at 0 K, but this structure (which is still the most stable) changes to the dissociated structure above 50 K. The spectra of CsF(H2O)(1-6) from MP2 calculations and the power spectra of CsF(H2O)6 from 50 and 100 K AIMD simulations are also reported.

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