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J Cell Sci. 2006 Mar 15;119(Pt 6):995-1004. Epub 2006 Feb 21.

Identification of palladin isoforms and characterization of an isoform-specific interaction between Lasp-1 and palladin.

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Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7545, USA.


Palladin is a recently described phosphoprotein with an important role in cytoskeletal organization. The major palladin isoform (90-92 kDa) binds to three actin-associated proteins (ezrin, VASP and alpha-actinin), suggesting that palladin functions as a cytoskeletal scaffold. Here, we describe the organization of the palladin gene, which encodes multiple isoforms, including one (140 kDa) with a similar localization pattern to 90 kDa palladin. Overexpression of the 90 kDa or 140 kDa isoforms in COS-7 cells results in rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton into super-robust bundles and star-like arrays, respectively. Sequence analysis of 140 kDa palladin revealed a conserved binding site for SH3 domains, suggesting that it binds directly to the SH3-domain protein Lasp-1. Binding of 140 kDa palladin, but not 90 kDa palladin, to Lasp-1 was confirmed by yeast two-hybrid and GST-pull-down assays. Isoform-specific siRNA experiments suggested that 140 kDa palladin plays a role in recruiting Lasp-1 to stress fibers. These results add Lasp-1, an actin-binding protein with a crucial role in cell motility, to the growing list of palladin's binding partners, and suggest that 140 kDa palladin has a specialized function in organizing the actin arrays that participate in cell migration and/or cellular contractility.

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