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Nurs Clin North Am. 2006 Mar;41(1):1-22, v.

Cognitive assessment and differentiating the 3 Ds (dementia, depression, delirium).

Author information

1
Centre for Health Services and Nursing Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35/4, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. koen.milisen@med.kuleuven.be

Abstract

Differentiation between a diminished or altered cognitive functioning asa consequence of aging and one resulting from serious health problems is critical in the elderly. An unrecognized cognitive disorder or the worsening of the impairment may hamper the effectiveness and appropriateness of care and treatment; therefore, standardized assessment procedures and systematic monitoring of cognition and behavior are important aspects of the nursing care. of older adults. In this article, current notions for accurate and comprehensive cognitive assessment in older persons are delineated. Further, an overview of epidemiological screening and diagnostic dilemmas of dementia, depression, and deliriumare provided.

PMID:
16492451
DOI:
10.1016/j.cnur.2005.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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