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Rev Med Liege. 2006 Jan;61(1):48-52.

[How to explore...the metabolic syndrome by its new IDF definition].

[Article in French]

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Université de Liège, Chef du Service de Diabétologie, Nutrition et Maladies métaboliques, Département de Médecine, CHU Sart Tilman, Liège.


The International Diabetes Federation recently proposed a so-called consensus definition of metabolic syndrome. According to this new definition, a subject has the metabolic syndrome if he/she has abdominal obesity (considered as a prerequisite and assessed, in the European population, by a waist circumference > 80 cm in women and > 94 cm in men) and, in addition, at least two other risk factors among 1) elevated fasting triglycerides > or = 150 mg/dl; 2) low HDL cholesterol HDL < 50 mg/dl in women and < 40 mg/dl in men; 3) increased arterial blood pressure > or = 130/ 85 mm Hg; and 4) elevated fasting plasma glucose concentration > or = 100 mg/dl. We will discuss the advantages and limitations of this new definition as well as the consequences of its use on the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the Belgian population.

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