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Theriogenology. 2006 Oct;66(6-7):1497-501. Epub 2006 Feb 21.

The use of deslorelin implants for the synchronization of estrous in diestrous bitches.

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Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.


A novel approach to estrous induction in diestrous bitches is described. Twelve spontaneously cycling anestrous bitches served as controls. Thirteen anestrous and 15 diestrous bitches were induced to come into synchronous estrous using prostaglandin (diestrous bitches only) and deslorelin implants (Ovuplant). Implants contained either 2.1 or 1.05 mg deslorelin and were administered beneath the vestibular submucosa. All treated bitches came into estrous, regardless of implant size. Whereas all anestrous bitches ovulated, one of six diestrous bitches treated with the larger implant and three of nine treated with the smaller implant failed to ovulate. Induced bitches generally produced fewer corpora lutea than controls. Sixty-seven percent of control bitches became pregnant, with 0.63 fetuses per corpus luteum, whereas the pregnancy rate and fetuses per corpus luteum were 67 and 70% and 0.42 and 0.55 in the anestrous bitches induced with 1.05 and 2.1 mg deslorelin implants, respectively (not different from controls). Only 2 of 15 induced diestrous bitches conceived a detectable pregnancy, one of which was resorbed. In conclusion, although ovulatory estrous can be induced in bitches that had their most recent ovulation 40-100 days ago, these bitches are very unlikely to become pregnant during the induced estrous. The reason for the poor fertility in these diestrous bitches requires further study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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