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Cancer Res. 2006 Feb 15;66(4):2354-60.

Regression of melanoma in a murine model by RLIP76 depletion.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington 76019-0065, USA.


RLIP76/RALBP1 is a stress-responsive membrane protein implicated in the regulation of multiple cellular signaling pathways. It represents the predominant glutathione-conjugate transporter in cells, and our previous studies have shown that its inhibition by antibodies or depletion by short interfering RNA (siRNA) causes apoptosis in a number of cancer cell types. The present studies were done to explore the potential clinical applicability of our previous observations by comparing the relative expression of RLIP76 in cancer versus normal cell lines and to determine whether depletion of RLIP76 activity can exert cancer-specific apoptosis. RLIP76 expression was found to be significantly greater in malignant cells compared to nonmalignant cells. Inhibition of RLIP76, using antibodies towards a cell surface epitope, or depletion of RLIP76 using either siRNA or antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotides preferentially caused apoptosis in malignant cells. More importantly, in vivo studies showed that administration of RLIP76 antibodies, siRNA, or antisense oligonucleotides to mice bearing syngeneic B16 mouse melanoma cells caused complete tumor regression within 10 days. These findings strongly suggest that RLIP76 depletion by genetic approaches or inhibition by antibodies may be a clinically viable antineoplastic therapy, particularly for melanoma.

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