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Oral Oncol. 2006 Jul;42(6):607-13. Epub 2006 Feb 20.

Influence of single nucleotide polymorphisms in H-Ras and cyclin D1 genes on oral cancer susceptibility.

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1
Division of Cancer Research, Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram 695011, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Although tobacco usage and alcohol consumption are the major risk factors for oral cancer, there are individual variations in genetic susceptibility to oral cancer. The Ras pathway plays an important role in oral carcinogenesis. High percentage of Ras mutation in oral carcinoma was reported from India. Cyclin D1, a downstream member of the Ras pathway, was also shown to be overexpressed in the majority of oral cancers and the overexpression was shown to be associated with poor prognosis. In the present study, we have evaluated the association of the single nucleotide polymorphisms in the H-Ras (C81T) and cyclin D1 (A870G and C1722G) genes and oral cancer risk in 176 oral cancer cases and 142 hospital based controls matched by age and sex. All the polymorphisms studied conformed to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The comparison of the CCND1 A870G and C1722G genotype frequencies in cases and controls did not show any significant association with oral cancer risk. In H-Ras C81T polymorphism, TC+CC genotype showed a one and half fold increased risk (OR=1.59) for oral cancer. On stratified analysis, the observed increased risk was more evident among men (OR=2), while such an increased risk was not seen among women. Thus, our data suggests that the variant 'C' allele of the H-Ras (C81T) is associated with a higher risk for oral carcinoma, particularly in male population and thus, this polymorphism could be a low penetrance gene predisposition factor for oral carcinoma.

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