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Res Microbiol. 2006 Jun;157(5):425-32. Epub 2006 Jan 20.

Pseudallescheria boydii releases metallopeptidases capable of cleaving several proteinaceous compounds.

Author information

1
Departamento de Microbiologia Geral, Instituto de Microbiologia Prof. Paulo de Góes (IMPPG), Centro de Ciências da Saúde (CCS), Bloco I, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Abstract

Pseudallescheria boydii is an opportunistic filamentous fungus that causes serious infections in humans. Virulence attributes expressed by P. boydii are unknown. Conversely, peptidases are incriminated as virulence factors in several pathogenic fungi. Here we investigated the extracellular peptidase profile in P. boydii. After growth on Sabouraud for 7 days, mycelia of P. boydii were incubated for 20 h in PBS-glucose. The cell-free PBS-glucose supernatant was submitted to SDS-PAGE and 12 secretory polypeptides were observed. Two of these polypeptides (28 and 35 kD) presented proteolytic activity when BSA was used as a copolymerized substrate. The extracellular peptidases were most active in acidic pH (5.5) and fully inhibited by 1,10-phenanthroline, a zinc-metallopeptidase inhibitor. Other metallo-, cysteine, serine and aspartic proteolytic inhibitors did not significantly alter these activities. To confirm that these enzymes belong to the metallo-type peptidases, the apoenzymes were obtained by dialysis against chelating agents, and supplementation with different cations, especially Cu(2+) and Zn(2+), restored their activities. Except for gelatin, both metallopeptidases hydrolyzed various co-polymerized substrates, including human serum albumin, casein, hemoglobin and IgG. Additionally, the metallopeptidases were able to cleave different soluble proteinaceous substrates such as extracellular matrix components and sialylated proteins. All these hydrolyses were inhibited by 1,10-phenanthroline. Interestingly, Scedosporium apiospermum (the anamorph of P. boydii) produced a distinct extracellular peptidase profile. Collectively, our results demonstrated for the first time the expression of acidic extracellular metallopeptidases in P. boydii capable of degrading several proteinaceous compounds that could help the fungus to escape from natural human barriers and defenses.

PMID:
16487686
DOI:
10.1016/j.resmic.2005.11.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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