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J Clin Invest. 2006 Mar;116(3):695-702. Epub 2006 Feb 16.

Critical role of endothelial CXCR2 in LPS-induced neutrophil migration into the lung.

Author information

1
Robert M. Berne Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908-1394, USA.

Abstract

In models of acute lung injury, CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) mediates migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) into the lung. Since CXCR2 ligands, including CXCL1 and CXCL2/3, are chemotactic for PMNs, CXCR2 is thought to recruit PMNs by inducing chemotactic migration. In a model of PMN recruitment to the lung, aerosolized bacterial LPS inhalation induced PMN recruitment to the lung in wild-type mice, but not in littermate CXCR2-/- mice. Surprisingly, lethally irradiated wild-type mice reconstituted with CXCR2-/- BM still showed about 50% PMN recruitment into bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and into lung interstitium, but CXCR2-/- mice reconstituted with CXCR2-/- BM showed no PMN recruitment. Conversely, CXCR2-/- mice reconstituted with wild-type BM showed a surprisingly large defect in PMN recruitment, inconsistent with a role of CXCR2 on PMNs alone. Cell culture, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and real-time RT-PCR were used to show expression of CXCR2 on pulmonary endothelial and bronchial epithelial cells. The LPS-induced increase in lung microvascular permeability as measured by Evans blue extravasation required CXCR2 on nonhematopoietic cells. Our data revealed what we believe to be a previously unrecognized role of endothelial and epithelial CXCR2 in LPS-induced PMN recruitment and lung injury.

PMID:
16485040
PMCID:
PMC1366502
DOI:
10.1172/JCI27009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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