Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Crit Care Med. 2006 Apr;34(4):1093-8.

Ventilation-induced lung injury in rats is associated with organ injury and systemic inflammation that is attenuated by dexamethasone.

Author information

1
Servicio de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether mechanical ventilation using high tidal volume is associated with nonpulmonary organ dysfunction that can be attenuated by dexamethasone.

DESIGN:

Prospective randomized animal intervention study.

SETTING:

Animal care facility in a university hospital.

SUBJECTS:

Sedated and tracheostomized male Sprague-Dawley rats.

INTERVENTIONS:

Three groups of rats were ventilated with different strategies: tidal volume = 9 mL/kg, positive end-expiratory pressure = 8 cm H(2)O, control group (C); tidal volume = 35 mL/kg, positive end-expiratory pressure = 0 cm H(2)O, overventilated group (OV); and tidal volume = 35 mL/kg, positive end-expiratory pressure = 0 cm H(2)O, plus administration of 6 mg/kg dexamethasone intraperitoneally (OV + dexamethasone). All rats were ventilated for 75 mins with respiratory rate = 70 breaths/min, FIO(2) = 0.35, and plateau time = 0.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Mean arterial pressure and peak airway pressure were monitored. We measured arterial blood gases, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate, nitrates and nitrites, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-6 serum concentration. Lung slices were prepared for blind histologic examination. Heart tissue was analyzed for cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 expression (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction). Compared with the C group, the OV group showed hypotension; worsened gas exchange; increased aspartate aminotransferase, lactate, nitrates and nitrites, and interleukin-6 serum concentrations; and hyaline membrane formation in the lungs, as well as increased cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 expression in the heart. Dexamethasone prevented the pulmonary and cardiovascular injury and attenuated the increase in aspartate aminotransferase, nitrates and nitrites, interleukin-6, and cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

High tidal volume ventilation induces cardiovascular, pulmonary, and liver injury as well as a systemic proinflammatory response. These changes are attenuated by dexamethasone, suggesting that inflammatory rather than purely hemodynamic mechanisms are involved in the changes induced by high tidal volume ventilation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wolters Kluwer
    Loading ...
    Support Center