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Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2006 Feb;33(2):259-61.

[A case report of unresectable gallbladder cancer that responded remarkably to the combination of thalidomide, celecoxib, and gemcitabine].

[Article in Japanese]

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Dept. of Gastroenterology, Ashitaka Hospital.


Gallbladder cancer is an asymptomatic disease in the early stage and no therapeutic measure is available except surgical intervention. The prognosis for patients with advanced,i.e., unresectable or metastatic disease is dismal, with median survival usually being less than 6 months if not treated with chemotherapy. To date, chemotherapy for gallbladder cancer has been limited by the absence of agents with effective cytotoxic activity. Thalidomide has been shown to have antiangiogenic and immunomodulatory effects, including the inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor and tumor necrosis factor alpha. Celecoxib is a potent selective COX-2 inhibitor. The reported biological consequences of COX-2 up-regulation include inhibition of apoptosis, increased metastatic potential and promotion of angiogenesis. These events may contribute to cell transformation and tumor progression. Antiangiogenesis represents a significant new strategy for cancer treatment. Therefore,it is important to accept a wide range of different inhibitors such as thalidomide and selective COX-2 inhibitors with conventional cytotoxic agents. Here we show a case of unresectable gallbladder cancer with remarkable improvement in CA19-9 and prolongation of life.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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