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Blood. 2006 Jun 1;107(11):4300-7. Epub 2006 Feb 16.

A novel nonpeptidyl human c-Mpl activator stimulates human megakaryopoiesis and thrombopoiesis.

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Pharmaceutical Research Department, Biological Research Laboratories, Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd, 1470 Shiraoka, Saitama 349-0294, Japan.


NIP-004 is a novel synthetic compound developed to display human thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor (c-Mpl) agonist activity. NIP-004 displays species specificity, stimulating proliferation or differentiation of human c-Mpl-expressing cells such as UT-7/TPO and human CD34(+) cells but not murine c-Mpl-expressing cells or cynomolgus monkey cells. To test the mechanism of its action, we constructed mutant forms of c-Mpl; murine c-Mpl(L490H) dis-played a response to NIP-004, whereas human c-Mpl(H499L) lost this response, indicating that histidine in the transmembrane domain of c-Mpl is essential for its activity. Because histidine is not present in the c-Mpl transmembrane domain of rats, hamsters, rhesus macaques, and cynomolgus monkeys, we examined the in vivo efficacy of NIP-004 using mice that received xenotransplants. In immunodeficient nonobese diabetic (NOD)/Shi-scid, IL-2Rgamma(null) (NOG) mice receiving transplants of umbilical cord blood-derived CD34(+) cells, NIP-004 increased human megakaryoblasts, mature megakaryocytes, and circulating human platelets 6-fold, the latter being morphologically and functionally indistinguishable from normal human platelets. These observations indicate that NIP-004 is a novel human c-Mpl activator and induces human thrombopoiesis.

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